Mastitis is a disease that seriously threatens the health of the mammary gland after delivery. Pedunculoside (PE) is the main bioactive component of Aquifoliaceae. The purpose of this experiment is to explore the effects of PE on mastitis and its underlying mechanisms. Our research results showed that PE could significantly inhibit the increase in the levels of inflammatory mediators such as TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, MPO and iNOS during mastitis. Mechanism studies have found that PE could significantly inhibit the phosphorylation of AKT protein and binds to the ASP-184 site. Further research found that PE also inhibited the activation of AKT's downstream pro-inflammatory signals NF-κB and MAPK. In addition, PE effectively promote the expression of tight junction proteins occludin and claudin-3 during inflammation, maintaining the integrity of the blood-milk barrier. In summary, our research shows that PE inhibits the phosphorylation of AKT/NF-κB and MAPK signals; It also relieves mastitis by repairing the blood-milk barrier.