Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 15 pp 19678—19695
Identification of inflammation-related DNA methylation biomarkers in periodontitis patients based on weighted co-expression analysis
- 1 Department of Stomatology, Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100038, China
- 2 Department of Stomatology, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100020, China
- 3 Department of Immunology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Advanced Innovation Center for Human Brain Protection, Beijing Key Laboratory for Cancer Invasion and Metastasis, Department of Oncology, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100069, China
- 4 Department of Periodontology, Tianjin Stomatological Hospital and Tianjin Key Laboratory of Oral Function Reconstruction, Hospital of Stomatology, Nankai University, Tianjin 300041, China
Received: January 12, 2021 Accepted: June 4, 2021 Published: August 4, 2021https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.203378
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2021 Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Evidence from past research has shown that DNA methylation plays a key role in the pathogenesis of periodontitis, regulating gene expression levels and thereby affecting the occurrence of various diseases. Three sample sets of methylation data and gene expression data were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. A diagnostic classifier is established based on gene expression data and CpG methylation data. Abnormal expression of immune-related pathways and methyltransferase-related genes in patients with periodontitis was detected. A total of 8,029 differentially expressed CpG (DMP) was annotated to the promoter region of 4,940 genes, of which 295 immune genes were significantly enriched. The CpG sites of 23 differentially co-expressed immune gene promoter regions were identified, and 13 CpG were generally hypermethylated in healthy group samples, while some were methylated in most patients. Five CpGs were screened as robust periodontitis biomarkers. The accuracy in the training data set, the two external verification data sets, and in the transcriptome was 95.5%, 80% and 78.3%, and 82.6%, respectively. This study provided new features for the diagnosis of periodontitis, and contributed to the personalized treatment of periodontitis.