Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 16 pp 20774—20792
NF-κB inducible miR-30b-5p aggravates joint pain and loss of articular cartilage via targeting SIRT1-FoxO3a-mediated NLRP3 inflammasome
- 1 Department of Hand and Plastic Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital and Yuying Children’s Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325027, Zhejiang, China
- 2 Department of Stomatology, Linyi People’s Hospital, Linyi 276003, Shandong, China
- 3 Department of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery, Linyi People’s Hospital, Linyi 276003, Shandong, China
Received: December 30, 2020 Accepted: June 23, 2021 Published: August 29, 2021https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.203466
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2021 Xu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) contribute to osteoarthritis (OA) development. Nevertheless, the function and mechanism of miR-30b-5p in OA are unclear. In the present article, we gauged the miR-30b-5p level in OA patients and analyzed its correlation with OA stages. Then, we conducted in-vivo and in-vitro gain-of-function assays to determine the function of miR-30b-5p, silent information regulator 2 homolog 1 (SIRT1) and Fox. Cell counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, BrdU assay and flow cytometry were utilized to gauge cell viability and apoptosis of human chondrocyte (HC-A). The targeting association between miR-30b-5p and SIRT1 was validated through the dual-luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) experiment. The results signified that miR-30b-5p was up-regulated in OA patients, OA rats and interleukin-1β (IL-1β)-induced chondrocytes. The higher miR-30b-5p expression brought about progressive stages of OA patients and enhanced levels of pro-inflammatory mediators in the synovial fluid. Functionally, overexpressing miR-30b-5p hampered cell viability, aggravated chondrocyte apoptosis and NLRP3 inflammasome activation induced by IL-1β, while down-regulating miR-30b-5p exerted the reverse effects. The in-vivo experiment exhibited that down-regulating miR-30b-5p improved joint pain and loss of articular cartilage in the rats with restrained inflammation and NLRP3 inflammasome activation. Mechanistically, miR-30b-5p targeted the 3’-non-translated region (3’UTR) of SIRT1, and miR-30b-5p was inducible with NF-κB phosphorylation enhancement. Overexpressing SIRT1 or inhibiting NF-κB relieved miR-30b-5p-induced apoptosis and NLRP3 inflammasome activation by promoting FoxO3a, while down-regulating SIRT1 or FoxO3a reversed miR-30b-5p-in-induced anti-inflammatory and apoptosis-suppressive effects. Collectively, NF-κB-induced miR-30b-5p modulates chondrocyte apoptosis and OA progression by regulating the SIRT1-FoxO3a-mediated NLRP3 inflammasome.