Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare but aggressive disease that lacks definitive treatment. We aim to evaluate role of ASXL1 in ACC and exploit its therapeutic merits therein. We performed in silico reproduction of datasets of the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), GDSC (Genomics of Drug Sensitivity in Cancer) and Human Protein Atlas using platforms of cBioPortal, UALCAN, NET-GE, GSEA and GEPIA. Validation in ACC was performed in tissue, in vitro and in vivo using the NCI-H295R and SW-13 cells. ASXL1 was gained in over 50% of ACC cases with its mRNA overexpressed in DNA gained cases. ASXL1 overexpression was associated with recurrence and worsened prognosis in ACC. ASXL1 gain was associated with resistance to etoposide, doxorubicin and cisplatin (EDP). ASXL1 expression was positively correlated with FSCN1 expression. Targeting ASXL1 significantly impaired fitness of ACC cells, which could be in part rescued by FSCN1 overexpression. Targeting FSCN1 however could not rescue resistance to EDP induced by ASXL1 overexpression. Targeting ASXL1 sensitized ACC cells to EDP regimen but constitutive ASXL3 overexpression in SW-13 cells could induce resistance upon prolonged treatment. Functional gain of ASXL1 was common in ACC and exerted pro-tumorigenic and chemoresistance role. Targeting ASXL1 hold promise to ACC treatment.