Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 18 pp 22286—22297
ASXL1 promotes adrenocortical carcinoma and is associated with chemoresistance to EDP regimen
- 1 Department of Urology, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin 300052, P.R. China
- 2 Department of Urology, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200040, P.R. China
- 3 Department of Urology, Fourth Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 100032, Liaoning Province, P.R. China
Received: July 19, 2021 Accepted: September 2, 2021 Published: September 18, 2021https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.203534
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2021 Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare but aggressive disease that lacks definitive treatment. We aim to evaluate role of ASXL1 in ACC and exploit its therapeutic merits therein. We performed in silico reproduction of datasets of the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), GDSC (Genomics of Drug Sensitivity in Cancer) and Human Protein Atlas using platforms of cBioPortal, UALCAN, NET-GE, GSEA and GEPIA. Validation in ACC was performed in tissue, in vitro and in vivo using the NCI-H295R and SW-13 cells. ASXL1 was gained in over 50% of ACC cases with its mRNA overexpressed in DNA gained cases. ASXL1 overexpression was associated with recurrence and worsened prognosis in ACC. ASXL1 gain was associated with resistance to etoposide, doxorubicin and cisplatin (EDP). ASXL1 expression was positively correlated with FSCN1 expression. Targeting ASXL1 significantly impaired fitness of ACC cells, which could be in part rescued by FSCN1 overexpression. Targeting FSCN1 however could not rescue resistance to EDP induced by ASXL1 overexpression. Targeting ASXL1 sensitized ACC cells to EDP regimen but constitutive ASXL3 overexpression in SW-13 cells could induce resistance upon prolonged treatment. Functional gain of ASXL1 was common in ACC and exerted pro-tumorigenic and chemoresistance role. Targeting ASXL1 hold promise to ACC treatment.