Endocervical adenocarcinoma (EAC) is an aggressive type of endocervical cancer. At present, molecular research on EAC mainly focuses on the genome and mRNA transcriptome, the investigation of small RNAs in EAC has not been fully described. Here, we systematically explored small RNAs in 14 EAC patients with different subtypes using small RNA sequencing. MiRNAs and tRNA-derived RNAs (tDRs) accounted for the majority of mapped reads and the total number of miRNAs and tDRs maintained a relative balance. To explore the correlations between small RNAs expression and EAC with different clinical characteristics, we performed the weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) and screened for hub small RNAs. From the key modules, we identified 9 small RNAs that were significantly related to clinical characteristics in EAC patients. Gene ontology and pathway analyses revealed that these molecules were involved in the pathogenesis of EAC. Our work provided new insights into EAC pathogenesis and successfully identified several small RNAs as candidate biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis of EAC.