Emerging studies have revealed that non-coding RNAs contribute to regulating intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD). Here, we intended to probe into the function of miR-19b-3p in IVDD evolvement. The miR-19b-3p level in the intervertebral disc (IVD) tissues of IVDD patients and IL-1β/TNF-α/hydrogen peroxide-treated human nucleus pulposus cells (HNPCs) was determined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Also, qRT-PCR was conducted to examine the profiles of MMP-3, MMP-9, MMP-13, ADAMTS-4 and ADAMTS-5. The PTEN/PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway was examined by Western blot (WB). The miR-19b-3p overexpression assay was carried out, and HNPC proliferation and apoptosis were compared by the cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay and flow cytometry (FCM). In addition, the mechanism of action of miR-19b-3p was clarified using the PTEN inhibitor (VO-Ohpic triphosphate) or the mTOR inhibitor (Rapamycin) on the basis of IL-1β intervention and miR-19b-3p mimics transfection. Our results testified that miR-19b-3p expression was curbed in IVD tissues of the IVDD patients (vs. normal IVD tissues) and IL-1β-, TNF-α, or hydrogen peroxide-treated HNPCs. Up-regulating miR-19b-3p enhanced HNPC proliferation and hampered its apoptosis. Moreover, miR-19b-3p dampened the PTEN profile and activated the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway. Interestingly, attenuating PTEN reduced IL-1β-, TNF-α-, or hydrogen peroxide-mediated HNPC apoptosis and up-regulated PI3K/Akt/mTOR, while inhibiting the mTOR pathway offset the protective function of miR-19b-3p. Further mechanism studies illustrated that miR-19b-3p targeted the 3’untranslated region (UTR) of PTEN and abated the PTEN level. This research confirmed that miR-19b-3p suppressed HNPC apoptosis in the in-vitro model of IVDD by regulating PTEN/PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway.