Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 23 pp 25241—25255
Endothelial cell–derived exosomal circHIPK3 promotes the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells induced by high glucose via the miR-106a-5p/Foxo1/Vcam1 pathway
- 1 Department of Clinical Laboratory, Hebei Key Laboratory of Laboratory Medicine, The Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050000, P.R. China
Received: August 7, 2021 Accepted: November 24, 2021 Published: December 10, 2021https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.203742
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2021 Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The abnormal proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) plays an important role in the development and progression of diabetic vascular complications. In high-glucose (HG) conditions, endothelial cells (ECs) act as the first barrier to damaging stimuli and trigger a multi-response, including EC and VSMC crosstalk. However, the crosstalk pathways between ECs and VSMCs under HG conditions remain unclear. This study aimed to explore the roles and underlying mechanism of exosomes derived from ECs in the crosstalk between ECs and VSMCs. Our results showed that mouse aortic endothelial cell (MAEC)–secreted exosomes could promote the proliferation and inhibit the apoptosis of VSMCs induced by HG. Furthermore, we isolated the exosomes secreted by MAECs and found that exosomes derived from MAECs that were exposed to HG could transfer circHIPK3, which is enriched in MAEC-derived exosomes, to VSMCs. Exosomal circHIPK3 promoted the proliferation and inhibited the apoptosis of VSMCs. circHIPK3 sponged miR-106a-5p to relieve its repression of forkhead box O1 (Foxo1) expression. The increased expression of Foxo1 acted as a transcription factor to promote Vcam1 expression, thus facilitating the uptake of MAEC-derived exosomes by VSMCs. The results of this study suggested that exosomal circHIPK3 derived from MAECs promotes the proliferation of VSMCs induced by HG via the miR-106a-5p/Foxo1/Vcam1 pathway.