Intratumoral immune cells were reported to be associated with prognosis of bladder urothelial carcinoma (BUC). However, the role of immune cells related genes in BUC prognosis is less well defined. In the study, we analyzed data retrieved from the Cancer Genome Atlas database and found higher neutrophils and lower T cells infiltration in BUC tumor tissues were significantly correlated with patients’ worse prognosis. Additionally, the expression levels of 164 genes were significantly correlated with T cells and neutrophils proportions. A Cox proportional-hazards model integrating 6 genes expression (EMP1, RASGRP4, HSPA1L, AHNAK, SLC1A6, and PRSS8) was identified. The 6-gene signature outperformed other clinical factors in risk prediction and was an independent prognostic factor for BUC. The findings were further conformed in three Gene Expression Omnibus datasets (n=331) and Jiangsu Province Hospital cohort (n = 46). Gene set enrichment analysis revealed that the model was highly involved in some immune-related pathways. A comprehensive nomogram combining the model and other clinical parameters was finally constructed to facilitate clinical application. In conclusion, a T cell and neutrophil-associated 6-gene prognostic model was identified for the survival prediction of BUC patients.