Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 24 pp 26137—26147
miR-545 promotes colorectal cancer by inhibiting transferring in the non-normal ferroptosis signaling
- 1 Department of General Surgery, Affiliated Hangzhou First People Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province 310006, PR China
- 2 Department of Medical Quality Management, Affiliated Hangzhou First People Hospital, Zhejing University School of Medicine, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province 310006, PR China
Received: May 26, 2021 Accepted: September 7, 2021 Published: December 26, 2021https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.203801
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2021 Zheng et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
In this study, we examined whether and how miR-545 modulates ferroptosis in colorectal cancer (CRC). HT-29 and HCT-116 human CRC cell viability was examined using a CCK-8 assay and malondialdehyde (MDA) and Fe2+ levels were measured after treatment with the ferroptosis inducers Eradicator of Ras and ST (erastin) and Ras selective lethal 3 (RSL3) with or without miR-545 overexpression or knockdown vectors. Our results demonstrate that miR-545 overexpression inhibited, while miR-545 knockdown further increased, erastin and RSL3-induced upregulation of MDA, reactive oxygen species (ROS), and Fe2+ levels. Similarly, miR-545 overexpression partially reversed, while miR-545 knockdown enhanced, the erastin and RSL3-induced reduction in HT-29 and HCT-116 cell survival rates. Transferrin (TF) was identified as a target gene of miR-545. To determine whether miR-545 suppresses ferroptosis via TF, we overexpressed TF in HT-29 and HCT-116 cells. We found that TF overexpression blocked miR-545-induced changes in ROS, MDA, and Fe2+ levels in HT-29 and HCT-116 cells, thereby inducing CRC cell death. An in vivo assay showed that inhibition of miR-545 decreased tumor growth in nude mice treated with erastin. Together, these findings indicate that miR-545 promotes CRC cell survival by suppressing TF.