Research Paper Volume 14, Issue 12 pp 5153—5162
Long non-coding RNA NUT family member 2A-antisense RNA 1 sponges microRNA-613 to increase the resistance of gastric cancer cells to matrine through regulating oxidative stress and vascular endothelial growth factor A
- 1 Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China
Received: April 4, 2022 Accepted: June 14, 2022 Published: June 27, 2022https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.204135
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Copyright: © 2022 Ying et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Matrine has been shown to play a role in the suppression of gastric cancer (GC) tumorigenesis. However, whether long non-coding RNA NUT family member 2A-antisense RNA 1 (NUTM2A-AS1) is involved in matrine-induced inhibition of GC remains unknown. 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide, cell colony formation, and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling assays were employed to determine the proliferation, viability, and apoptosis of GC cells, respectively. The Cancer Genome Atlas database suggested an association between NUTM2A-AS1 and GC. The reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to quantify relative levels of NUTM2A-AS1, miR-613, and vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA). Reactive oxygen species generation, glutathione content, and superoxide dismutase activity were determined by corresponding reagents or assay kits. NUTM2A-AS1 knockdown led to attenuated cell viability and proliferation, as well as to enhanced apoptosis of N87 and AGS cells treated with matrine. These changes were prevented by an inhibitor of microRNA (miR)-613. Importantly, NUTM2A-AS1 expression was positively associated with tumor progression in patients with GC. NUTM2A-AS1 and miR-613 regulated the generation of reactive oxygen species, the content of glutathione, and the activity of superoxide dismutase. VEGFA served as an important effector for the NUTM2A-AS1/miR-613-regulated resistance of GC cells to matrine. These results reveal a novel mechanism of matrine resistance in GC.