This study aims to determine the differences in myocardial enzymes in COVID-19 patients with and without hypertension. A total of 130 patients with COVID-19 in Yunmeng County People's Hospital were analyzed. The clinical manifestations and laboratory indicators were collected and analyzed. We found that COVID-19 patients with hypertension had higher mortality rate, greater age, and higher rates of basic disease such as diabetes than patients without hypertension. The γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), albumin/globulin (A/G), Ca, Mg, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and α-hydroxybutyric-dehydrogenase (α-HBD) levels in COVID-19 patients with hypertension were higher than in COVID-19 patients without hypertension. We found that the predictive effect of the creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB), LDH-L, and α-HBD levels in the COVID-19 patients without hypertension were higher than in COVID-19 patients with hypertension. We used the ROC curve model to predict whether patients would have hypertension, and we found that CK-MB, LDH-L and HBD parameters could distinguish the COVID-19 patients with hypertension and non-hypertension, and could predict the mortality of COVID-19 patients.