The role of ferroptosis, a new form of cell death, in bladder cancer (BC) has not been sufficiently studied. This study aimed to establish a prognostic prediction model for BC patients based on the expression profile of ferroptosis-related genes (FRG). The expression profiles of BC samples with clinical information were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). A total of 80 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) related to FRG were identified among which 37 DEGs were found to have a prognostic value. Eleven genetic markers including SLC2A12, CDO1, JDP2, MAFG, CAPG, RRM2, SLC2A3, SLC3A2, VDAC2, GCH1, and ANGPTL7 were identified through the LASSO regression analysis. The ROC curve analysis showed that the AUC was 0.702, 0.664, and 0.655 for the 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year survival outcomes, respectively. The prediction performance was verified in the TCGA-testing set and external set GSE13507. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis showed that the risk score was an independent prognostic predictor. Moreover, we found differences in gene mutation, gene expression, and immune cell infiltration between the high and low-risk groups of BC patients. Finally, a nomogram was constructed by integrating clinical features and FRG signatures to predict the survival outcomes of BC patients. In addition, the differential expression of FRG mRNA and protein was verified through PCR and HPA online site. The characteristics of 11 FRG genes were examined and a prognostic nomogram for predicting the overall survival of BC was established.