The period (PER) and cryptochrome (CRY) families play critical roles in circadian rhythms. The imbalance of circadian factors may lead to the occurrence of cancer. Expressions of PER and CRY family members decrease in various cancers. Nevertheless, expression levels, genetic variations, and molecular mechanisms of PER and CRY family members in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) and their correlations with prognoses and immune infiltration in LUAD patients are still unclear. In this study, to identify their biological functions in LUAD development, comprehensive high-throughput techniques were applied to analyze the relationships of expressions of PER and CRY family members with genetic variations, molecular mechanisms, and immune infiltration. The present results showed that transcription levels of PER1 and CRY2 in LUAD were significantly downregulated. High expression levels of PER2, PER3, CRY1, and CRY2 indicated longer overall survival. Some cancer signaling pathways were related to PER and CRY family members, such as cell-cycle, histidine metabolism, and progesterone-mediated oocyte maturation pathways. Expressions of PER and CRY family members significantly affected the infiltration of different immune cells. In conclusion, our findings may help better understand the molecular basis of LUAD, and provide new perspectives of PER and CRY family members as novel biomarkers for LUAD.