Background: Osteoporosis (OP) is prevalent in postmenopausal women. Several studies investigated the association between IGF-1 polymorphisms and OP among postmenopausal females with conflicting outcomes.

Objective: To investigate whether the IGF-1 (rs35767, rs2288377, rs5742612) were associated with OP in postmenopausal females.

Methods: In case-control study, 95 OP cases and 222 healthy controls were recruited between March 2015 and July 2019. OP was diagnosed based on WHO criteria for diagnosis of OP as T score of bone mineral density (BMD) ≤−2.5; normal, as T score of BMD ≥−1. IGF-1 SNPs were genotyped by iPLEX Gold SNP genotyping. To be solid, related studies from PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, Web of science, and previous meta-analysis up until November 2020, along with our case-control study, were incorporated into a meta-analysis with criteria of significance using odds ratios (ORs) with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) to evaluate risk factor of SNPs on OP. TSA was used to estimate the sample sizes required to achieve a conclusion.

Results: In dominant model of our case-control study, we found nonsignificant association of rs35767 [Adj-OR: 0.95 (95% CI: 0.56-1.60)], rs2288377 [Adj-OR: 1.15 (95% CI: 0.67-1.97)], and rs5742612 [Adj-OR: 1.07 (95% CI: 0.62-1.83)] with OP in postmenopausal females. However, integration of our case-control study and 3 published studies, rs35767 [OR: 1.24 (95% CI: 1.05-1.47)] showed a conclusively risk association with OP in postmenopausal females judged by TSA with 2267 Asians.

Conclusions: This study demonstrates a crucial sample to conclude that IGF-1 rs35767 is significantly associated with OP in postmenopausal women.