The 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase 3 (PFK-2/FBPase-2, PFKFB3) is a glycolysis regulatory enzyme and plays a key role in oncogenesis of several cancers. However, the systematic study of crosstalk between PFKFB3 and Tumor microenvironment (TME) in pan-cancer has less been examined. In this study, we conducted a comprehensive analysis of the relationship between PFKFB3 expression, patient prognostic, Tumor mutational burden (TMB), Microsatellite instability (MSI), DNA mismatch repair (MMR), and especially TME, including immune infiltration, immune regulator, and immune checkpoint, across 33 types of tumors using datasets of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). We found that PFKFB3 expression was significantly correlated with patient prognostic and TME factors in various tumors. Moreover, we confirmed that PFKFB3 was an independent prognostic factor for kidney renal papillary cell carcinoma (KIRP), and established a risk prognostic model based on the expression of PFKFB3 as a clinical risk factor, which has a good predictive ability. Our study indicated that PFKFB3 is a potent regulatory factor for TME and has the potential to be a valuable prognostic biomarker in human tumor therapy.