Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is one of the most common malignancies. Despite the rapid development of the oncology research and surgical treatment, the prognosis of RCC has not significantly improved. Thus, exploration of the pathological molecular mechanism and development of new therapeutic targets of RCC are of great importance. Herein, by bioinformatic analysis and in vitro cell experiments, we report that, the expression of pseudouridine synthase 1 (PUS1), belonging to the family of PUS enzymes that participate in RNA modifications, is closely associated with RCC progression. In addition, the upregulated PUS1 expression results in the elevated RCC cancer cell viability, migration, invasion and colony formation ability, whereas the decreased PUS1 expression exerts the opposite effects on RCC cells. Thus, our findings show the potential role of PUS1 in RCC cells, providing with evidence that PUS1 is involved in RCC progression, which may help contribute to RCC diagnosis and intervention in clinic.