Background: An increasing number of studies are shown how crucial a role cellular senescence plays in tumor development. In this study, we developed a senescence-related lncRNA prognostic index (SRLPI) to forecast radiosensitivity and the probability of biochemical recurrence (BCR) in patients with prostate cancer (PCa).

Methods: PCa cohorts in TCGA and GEO databases were downloaded. Senescence-and prognosis-related lncRNA with differential expression in tumor and normal samples were identified and used to establish the SRLPI score. Mutation landscape, function pathway, tumor stemness and heterogeneity and tumor immune microenvironment were also analyzed. We performed the analysis using R 3.6.3 and the appropriate tools.

Results: A SRLPI score was constructed based on SNHG1 and MIAT in the TCGA cohort. Our classification of PCa patients into high- and low-risk groups was based on the median SRLPI score. When compared to the low-SRLPI group, the high-SRLPI group was more vulnerable to BCR (HR: 3.33). In terms of BCR-free survival and metastasis-free survival, the GSE116918 showed similar findings. Surprisingly, the SRLPI score demonstrated a high level of radiosensitivity for diagnosis (AUC: 0.98). Age, Gleason score, T stage, N stage, positive lymph nodes, and residual tumor were all significantly greater in patients with high SRLPI scores. Furthermore, this score was significantly related to markers of senescence. Protein secretion and androgen response were found to be substantially enriched in the low-SRLPI group, whereas E2F targets were found to be strongly enriched in the high-SRLPI group for pathway analysis. For the tumor microenvironment assessment, B cells, CD8+ T cells, immune score and TIDE score were positively related to SRLPI score while endothelial level was negatively associated with SRLPI score with statistical significance.

Conclusions: We developed a SRLPI score that was related to prognosis and radiosensitivity and might be helpful in clinical practice.