Objective: We performed the meta-analysis to explore the predictive value of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels in uveal melanoma (UM) patients receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs).

Methods: Eligible articles were obtained through EMBASE, PubMed, Google Scholar, and the Cochrane Library, until March 23, 2023. The clinical outcomes evaluated in this study encompassed overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS).

Results: This meta-analysis comprised eight studies with a combined total of 383 patients. The results showed that patients with high LDH levels had noticeably worse OS (HR: 3.445, 95% CI: 2.504-4.740, p < 0.001) and PFS (HR: 1.720, 95% CI: 1.429-2.070, p < 0.001). Subgroup analysis confirmed that the upper limit of normal was the ideal cut-off value for LDH. In multivariate analysis, we also found that high LDH levels significantly predicted shorter OS (HR: 3.405, 95% CI: 1.827-6.348, p < 0.001) and PFS (HR: 2.519, 95% CI: 1.557-4.076, p < 0.001) in UM patients. The sensitivity analysis and publication bias test supported the reliability of our results.

Conclusions: In UM patients treated with ICIs, the LDH levels were reliable indicators of prognosis.