Background: Breast cancer (BRCA) represents a significant threat with high mortality rates due to relapse, metastasis, and chemotherapy resistance. As a regulated cell death process characterized by the induction of immunogenic signals, immunogenic cell death (ICD) has been identified as an effective anti-tumorigenesis approach. However, the comprehensive study and its clinical value of ICD-related lncRNAs in BRCA is still missing.

Methods: The transcriptome matrix and corresponding clinical information of BRCA patients were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Pearson correlation analysis was performed to identify ICD-related lncRNAs (ICDRLs). To determine the prognostic value of the identified ICDRLs, univariate Cox regression analysis, LASSO algorithm, and multivariate Cox regression analysis were employed to construct a risk model. The prognostic risk model was subsequently evaluated using univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis, as well as Nomogram analysis. In vitro experiments were also conducted to validate the bioinformatics findings using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR).

Results: We established a prognostic risk signature consisting of five ICDRLs. The prognostic value of this model was subsequently confirmed in guiding BRCA prognostic stratification. Furthermore, we explored the correlation of the risk score with various clinical characteristics and chemotherapy response. qRT-PCR result confirmed the abnormal expression of ICDRLs, which was consistent with the bioinformatics data.

Conclusions: Our findings provide evidence of the critical role of ICDRLs in BRCA and offer a novel perspective for exploring precise treatment options for BRCA patients.