Background: Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a stroke subtype with high mortality and disability rate, and neuroinflammation is involved in secondary brain injury. Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is one of the scaffold proteins of Galectins. Studies have indicated that Gal-3 plays an important role in the physiological and pathological state of the nervous system. Here we focus on the role of Gal-3 in ICH, especially in neuroinflammation.

Methods: Injection of autologous blood into the right basal ganglia was used to simulate ICH injury, and the level of Gal-3 in brain was regulated by related means. The changes of Gal-3 were detected by western blot and immunofluorescence, the level of neuroinflammation by immunofluorescence staining and ELISA. Apoptosis and neuron loss were detected by TUNEL staining FJB staining and Nissl staining, and neurological deficits were judged by neurobehavioral tests.

Results: The protein level of Gal-3 increased at 24 h after ICH. Downregulation of Gal-3 level can reduce the infiltration of M1-type microglia and peripheral inflammatory cells, thus alleviating post-ICH neuroinflammation, and reducing cell apoptosis and neuron loss in brain tissue. ICH-induced neurological damage was rescued. Meanwhile, the promotion in the expression level of Gal-3 increased neuroinflammatory activation and nerve cell death, aggravating ICH-induced brain injury.

Conclusions: This study proves that Gal-3 is involved in neuroinflammation and nerve damage after ICH. Gal-3 expression should not be encouraged early on to prevent neuroinflammation. which provides a new possibility for clinical treatment for ICH patients.