Cuproptosis is a novel type of copper-induced cell death and is considered as a new therapeutic target for many cancers. Distant metastases occur in about 40% of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC), with a poor 5-year prognosis of about 10%. Through a series of comprehensive analyses, four differentially expressed cuproptosis-related lncRNAs (DECRLs) were identified as candidate biomarkers for RCC. The risk model constructed by using these four DECRLs can better predict the prognosis of patients with RCC, which is determined by the receiver operating characteristic (Time dependent area under curve value at 1-year, 3-year, 5-year, and 10-year were 0.82, 0.80, 0.76, and 0.73 respectively). There were significant differences in immune status between high-risk and low-risk RCC patients. The differentially expressed gene enrichment terms between high- and low-risk patients was also dominated by immune-related terms. The risk score was also correlated with immunotherapy as measured by the tumor immune dysfunction and exclusion (TIDE) score. In addition, we also found that the sensitivity of many chemotherapy drugs varies widely between high- and low-risk patients. The sensitivity of the three chemotherapy drugs (AZD4547, Vincristine, and WEHI-539) varied among high- and low-risk patients, and was significantly negatively correlated with risk values, suggesting that they could be used as clinical treatment drugs for RCC. Our study not only obtained four potential biomarkers, but also provided guidance for immunotherapy and chemotherapy treatment of RCC, as well as new research strategies for the screening of other cancer biomarkers and sensitive drugs.