G protein-coupled receptor kinase-2 (GRK2) is involved in TGF-β1-induced activation of lung fibroblasts, which could give rise to the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis. Paroxetine (PRXT) serves as a selective GRK2 inhibitor which is widely used to treat anxiety and depression for several decades. However, whether PRXT could inhibit TGF-β1-induced activation of lung fibroblasts and combat bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis remains unclear. Here, we investigated the effects of PRXT on pulmonary fibrosis in C57/BL6 caused by bleomycin as well as on the activation of murine primary lung fibroblasts stimulated with TGF-β1. The results demonstrated that PRXT markedly improved the pulmonary function and 21-day survival in bleomycin-induced mice. Meanwhile, PRXT significantly decreased collagen deposition, inflammation, and oxidative stress in lung tissues from bleomycin-induced mice. Furthermore, we found that PRXT could inhibit the protein and mRNA expression of GRK2 and Smad3 in lung tissues from bleomycin-induced mice. In vitro experiments also PRXT could inhibit cell activation and collagen synthesis in a concentration-dependent manner in TGF-β1-induced lung fibroblasts. In addition, we found that Smad3 overexpression by adenovirus transfection could offset anti-fibrotic and antioxidative effects from PRXT in TGF-β1-induced lung fibroblasts, which showed no effects on the protein expression of GRK2. In conclusion, PRXT mediates the inhibition of GRK2, which further blocks the transcription of Smad3 in TGF-β1-induced lung fibroblasts, providing an attractive therapeutic target for pulmonary fibrosis.