Background: Bladder cancer (BCa) is a common malignancy in the urinary system. Necroptosis, a recently discovered form of programmed cell death, is closely associated with the development and progression of various types of tumors. Targeting necroptosis through anti-cancer strategies has shown potential as a therapy for cancer. We aimed to develop a necroptosis-related lncRNAs (NRlncRNAs) risk model that can predict the survival and tumor immunity of BCa patients.

Methods: We analyzed sequencing data obtained from the TCGA database, and applied least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) and Cox regression analysis to identify crucial NRlncRNAs for building a risk model. Using the risk score, we categorized patients into high- and low-risk groups, and assessed the accuracy with the area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) and Kaplan-Meier curves. We performed the RT-qPCR to detect the expression differences of the genes based on the risk model.

Results: We identified a total of 296 NRlncRNAs, and 6 of them were included in the prognostic model. The AUC values for 1-, 3-, and 5-year predictions were 0.675, 0.726 and 0.734, respectively. Our risk model demonstrated excellent predictive performance and served as an independent predictor with high predictive power. Additionally, we performed PCA, TMB, GSEA analyses, and evaluated immune cell infiltration, to reveal significant differences between the high- and low-risk groups in functional signaling pathways, immunological status, and mutation profiles. Finally, we assessed the chemotherapeutic response of several drugs. According to the RT-qPCR results, we found that four NRlncRNAs of the risk model were more highly expressed in BCa cell lines than human immortalized uroepithelial cell line and regulated the occurrence and progression of bladder cancer.

Conclusion: We constructed a novel NRlncRNAs-associated risk model, which could predict the prognosis and immune response of BCa patients.