Asthma is a common chronic inflammatory disease of the airways, which affects millions of people worldwide. Arctiin, a bioactive molecule derived from the traditional Chinese Burdock, has not been previously reported for its effects on asthma in infants. In this study, an asthma model was established in mice by stimulation with ovalbumin (OVA). Bronchoalveolar lavage (BALF) was collected from OVA-challenged mice and the cells were counted. Lung tissue was harvested for hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and measurement of Wet/Dry weight ratios. The expressions of proteins were detected using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and Western blots. The superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in lung tissue was measured using a commercial kit. We found that Arctiin had beneficial effects on asthma treatment. Firstly, it attenuated OVA-challenged lung pathological alterations. Secondly, it ameliorated pro-inflammatory response by reducing the number of inflammatory cells and mitigating the imbalance of Th1/Th2 factors in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BALF) of OVA-challenged mice. Importantly, Arctiin ameliorated OVA-induced lung tissue impairment and improved lung function. Additionally, we observed that oxidative stress (OS) in the pulmonary tissue of OVA-challenged mice was ameliorated by Arctiin. Mechanistically, Arctiin prevented OVA-induced activation of p38 and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB). Based on these findings, we conclude that Arctiin might serve as a promising agent for the treatment of asthma.