Objective: The study attempted to explore how allicin reduces oxidative stress levels by promoting SHP2 expression to inhibit p-PERK in I/R mice.Methods: The GEO database and RNA sequencing were used to predict downstream gene. TTC staining was used to visualize the myocardial infarction area. Masson staining was used to assess the level of fibrosis. IF was used to examine the expression of SHP2, CTGF, ROS. RT-PCR analysis was used to quantify the expression of SHP2 mRNA. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression levels of SHP2, p-PERK, MFN1, NLRP3, NOX2, and NOX3.

Results: GEO and transcriptomic data revealed low expression of SHP2 in the heart tissues I/R mice. In the I/R mouse model, TTC staining result showed that allicin can reduce the area of myocardial infarction; Masson staining results indicated that allicin can reduce fibrosis; Macrophage transcriptome sequencing found SHP2 is a target gene of allicin; Immunofluorescence showed allicin can increase SHP2; qPCR results showed allicin can raise SHP2 mRNA level; Immunofluorescence indicated that allicin can inhibit ROS in myocardial infarction tissue, but the specific SHP2-KD eliminates changes in ROS. Western blot analysis demonstrated allicin can increase SHP2 protein and reduce the expression of p-PERK, MFN1, NLRP3, NOX2, and NOX3; SHP2-KD eliminates the expression differences in p-PERK, MFN1, NLRP3, NOX2, and NOX3.

Conclusions: Allicin can modulate p-PERK activation by enhancing the expression of SHP2, thereby inhibiting myocardial ischemia-reperfusion-induced oxidative stress in mice.