Intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) has been considered a major cause of low back pain. Therefore, further molecular subtypes of IVDD and identification of potential critical genes are urgently needed. First, consensus clustering was used to classify patients with IVDD into two subtypes and key module genes for subtyping were identified using weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA). Then, key module genes for the disease were identified by WGCNA. Subsequently, SVM and GLM were used to identify hub genes. Based on the above genes, a nomogram was constructed to predict the subtypes of IVDD. Finally, we find that ROM1 is lowered in IVDD and is linked to various cancer prognoses. The present work offers innovative diagnostic and therapeutic biomarkers for molecular subtypes of IVDD.