Background: CR6-interacting factor 1 (CRIF1), a multifunctional protein that affects mitochondrial function and cell senescence, plays a regulatory role in heart-related diseases. However, whether CRIF1 participates in myocardial senescence by regulating mitochondrial function remains unclear.

Methods: Doxorubicin (DOX)-induced C57BL/6 mice to construct mouse myocardial senescence model, and the myocardial function indicators including lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and Creatine kinase isoform MB (CK-MB) were assessed. The expression of CRIF1 was detected by western blot. Myocardial pathological changes were examined by transthoracic echocardiography and haematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining. Cell senescence was detected by SA-β-gal staining. JC-1 staining was used to detect mitochondrial membrane potential. Biochemical kits were used to examine oxidative stress-related factors. Additionally, AC16 cardiomyocytes were treated with DOX to mimic the cellular senescence model in vitro. Cell activity was detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. Co-immunoprecipitation (CO-IP) was used to verify the relationship between CRIF1 and peroxidasin (PXDN).

Results: The CRIF1 expression was significantly decreased in DOX-induced senescent mice and AC16 cells. Overexpression of CRIF1 significantly ameliorated DOX-induced myocardial dysfunction and myocardial senescence. Additionally, CRIF1 overexpression attenuated DOX-induced oxidative stress and myocardial mitochondrial dysfunction. Consistently, CRIF1 overexpression also inhibited DOX-induced oxidative stress and senescence in AC16 cells. Moreover, CRIF1 was verified to bind to PXDN and inhibited PXDN expression. The inhibitory effects of CRIF1 overexpression on DOX-induced oxidative stress and senescence in AC16 cells were partly abolished by PXDN expression.

Conclusions: CRIF1 plays a protective role against DOX-caused mitochondrial dysfunction and myocardial senescence partly through downregulating PXDN.