Head and neck tumors are malignant tumors that appear in the head and neck. Although much progress has been made in the treatment of head and neck tumors, many challenges remain. The prognosis of some advanced cases remains poor and survival and quality of life after treatment face certain limitations. Therefore, further research into the pathogenesis and treatment options for head and neck tumors is important in order to improve the prognosis and quality of life of patients. The Protein Arginine Methyltransferase (PRMT) family is a class of enzymes that are responsible for adding methyl groups to arginine residues in proteins. PRMT family members play important roles in regulating many cellular processes, such as transcriptional regulation, signaling, and cell cycle regulation. Recent studies have shown that the PRMT family also plays an important function in tumorigenesis and development. Here, we found that PRMT family members are significantly overexpressed in head and neck tumors and that PRMT5 may serve as an independent prognostic factor in head and neck tumors. We found that PRMT5-regulated differential genes were significantly enriched in tumor-associated signaling pathways such as IL-17 and p53. And we also found that the expression of PRMT5 in head and neck tumors was significantly correlated with immune cell infiltration, m6A as well as the expression of ferroptosis-related genes, and drug sensitivity. These results suggest that PRMT may play an important role in the development of head and neck tumors.