The current study aims to develop a new technique for the precise identification of Escherichia coli strains, utilizing matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) combined with a long short-term memory (LSTM) neural network. A total of 48 Escherichia coli strains were isolated and cultured on tryptic soy agar medium for 24 hours for the generation of MALDI-TOF MS spectra. Eight hundred MALDI-TOF MS spectra were obtained per strain, resulting in a database of 38,400 spectra. Fifty percent of the data was utilized for LSTM neural network training, with fine-tuned parameters for strain-level identification. The other half served as the test set to assess model performance. Traditional PCA dimension reduction of MALDI-TOF MS spectra indicated 47 out of 48 strains to be unclassifiable. In contrast, the LSTM neural network demonstrated remarkable efficacy. After 20 training epochs, the model achieved a loss value of 0.0524, an accuracy of 0.999, a precision of 0.985, and a recall of 0.982. When tested on the unseen data, the model attained an overall accuracy of 92.24%. The integration of MALDI-TOF MS and LSTM neural network markedly enhances the identification of Escherichia coli strains. This innovative approach offers an effective and accurate tool for MALDI-TOF MS-based strain-level identification, thus expanding the analytical capabilities of microbial diagnostics.