Figure 3. Changes in inflammatory signaling pathways and oxidative stress markers (n=8). (A) Representative bands display p-p65 and p-p38 protein levels 6 h post-surgery. (B) Bar graphs depict the relative quantification of p-p65/p65 and p-p38/p38. (C) Representative bands display p-p65, p-p38, iNOS and NOX2 protein levels on POD 1. (D) Bar graphs depict the relative quantification of p-p65/p65, p-p38/p38, iNOS/β-actin and NOX2/β-actin on POD 1. (E) Representative bands display the protein levels of the above indicators on POD 7. (F) Bar graphs depict the relative quantification of these indicators on POD 7. Data are expressed as the mean±SEM, *P<0.05 vs. the normal and acetate groups, #P<0.05 vs. the surgery group. ACE: acetate.