Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 15 pp 15546—15555

Glycochenodeoxycholic acid induces stemness and chemoresistance via the STAT3 signaling pathway in hepatocellular carcinoma cells

Figure 2. GCDC regulates the expression of apoptotic and anti-apoptotic genes. (A, B) The expression of apoptotic and anti-apoptotic genes in HCC cells was examined by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assays. *P<0.05, **P<0.01, ***P<0.001. (C) The expression of apoptotic and anti-apoptotic genes in HCC cells was examined by Western blot.