Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 12 pp 15942—15963

Cognition and action: a latent variable approach to study contributions of executive functions to motor control in older adults

Structural equation models for executive functions and motor performance in older adults. (A) Structural equation model for correlated factors of inhibition, shifting, and updating. Updating significantly predicts performance on the complex condition of the bimanual coordination task in older adults. (B) Structural equation model with orthogonal factors, accounting for variance shared by all neuropsychological tasks (Common EF). Both Common EF and the updating-specific factor predict unique performance on the complex condition of the bimanual coordination task in older adults. Significant parameters are highlighted in boldface.

Figure 3. Structural equation models for executive functions and motor performance in older adults. (A) Structural equation model for correlated factors of inhibition, shifting, and updating. Updating significantly predicts performance on the complex condition of the bimanual coordination task in older adults. (B) Structural equation model with orthogonal factors, accounting for variance shared by all neuropsychological tasks (Common EF). Both Common EF and the updating-specific factor predict unique performance on the complex condition of the bimanual coordination task in older adults. Significant parameters are highlighted in boldface.