Figure 1. The automated western immunoblot (AWI) analyses of connexin 43 (Cx43) in human normal and cataractous lenses of different age groups. AWI was performed on a Wes (ProteinSimple) as described recently [48, 56]. Briefly, each sample was loaded with 0.9 μg total protein and then analyzed with the Size Separation Master Kit and Split Buffer (12–230 kDa) according to the manufacturer’s standard instruction using anti-Cx43 antibody (for antibody information, see Experimental Procedures) with a dilution factor of 1:100. The Campass software (Protein Simple, version 4.1.5) was used to program the PeggySue-robot and for presentation (A) and quantification (B–C). Output western blot style data (A) were displayed with exposure time indicated, and the quantification data (B–C) were displayed from the software-calculated average of seven exposures (1–512s). (B) Quantification results show gender difference. Each bar represents an average of 8 samples for cataract lenses but one sample for normal human lens of 40s and three samples for normal human lenses of 60s. Lanes 1–2 represent normal lenses, and lanes 3–18 represent cataractous lenses of different age groups (3–6, 50s; 7–10, 60s; 11–14, 70s and 15–18, 80s). (C) Quantification results show age difference. *p < 0.05.