Figure 5. The factors affected the EAPCs in age-standardized burden rate of BVL from 1990 to 2019, both sexes, at the national level. (A) ASPR of BVL in 1990 and EAPC in ASPR (B) SDI in 2019 and EAPC in ASPR; (C) age-standardized DALYs rate of BVL in 1990 and EAPC in age-standardized DALYs rate; (D) SDI in 2019 and EAPC in age-standardized DALYs rate. The circles represent countries and the size of circle is increased with the number of DALYs. The ρ indices and P values presented were derived from Spearman rank analysis. The blue line and its shade was fitted by LOESS. ASPR, age-standardized prevalence rate; EAPC, estimated annual percentage change; DALYs, disability-adjusted life years; BVL, blindness and vision loss; SDI, socio-demographic index.