Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 15 pp 19614—19642

Global, regional, and national burden of blindness and vision loss due to common eye diseases along with its attributable risk factors from 1990 to 2019: a systematic analysis from the global burden of disease study 2019

Smoking contributing to DALYs of age-related macular degeneration, both sexes, at the national level. (A) The association between age-standardized DALYs rates of age-related macular degeneration attributable to smoking in 2019 and SDI in 2019. (B) The proportion of DALYs of age-related macular degeneration attributable to smoking in 1990 and 2019. DALYs, disability-adjusted life years; SDI, socio-demographic index.

Figure 9. Smoking contributing to DALYs of age-related macular degeneration, both sexes, at the national level. (A) The association between age-standardized DALYs rates of age-related macular degeneration attributable to smoking in 2019 and SDI in 2019. (B) The proportion of DALYs of age-related macular degeneration attributable to smoking in 1990 and 2019. DALYs, disability-adjusted life years; SDI, socio-demographic index.