A Longitudinal Study on Dasatinib, Quercetin, and Fisetin Senolytic Interventions


“[...] our findings underscore the imperative for additional markers to gauge the physiological impact of senolytic treatments [...]”

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BUFFALO, NY- March 6, 2024 – A new research paper was published in Aging (listed by MEDLINE/PubMed as "Aging (Albany NY)" and "Aging-US" by Web of Science) Volume 16, Issue 4, entitled, “Exploring the effects of Dasatinib, Quercetin, and Fisetin on DNA methylation clocks: a longitudinal study on senolytic interventions.”

Senolytics, small molecules targeting cellular senescence, have emerged as potential therapeutics to enhance health span. However, their impact on epigenetic age remains unstudied. In this new study, researchers Edwin Lee, Natàlia Carreras-Gallo, Leilani Lopez, Logan Turner, Aaron Lin, Tavis L. Mendez, Hannah Went, Alan Tomusiak, Eric Verdin, Michael Corley, Lishomwa Ndhlovu, Ryan Smith, and Varun B. Dwaraka from the Institute For Hormonal Balance, TruDiagnostic, Buck Institute for Research on Aging, and Cornell University aimed to assess the effects of senolytic treatments on DNA methylation (DNAm), epigenetic age, and immune cell subsets. 

“[...] this study aims to comprehensively assess the impact of senolytic drugs on epigenetic aging through two longitudinal studies to address our research objective. The initial investigation focuses on a combination treatment of Dasatinib and Quercetin, while the subsequent phase incorporates Fisetin into the treatment regimen.”

In a Phase I pilot study, 19 participants received Dasatinib and Quercetin (DQ) for 6 months, with DNAm measured at baseline, 3 months, and 6 months. Significant increases in epigenetic age acceleration were observed in first-generation epigenetic clocks and mitotic clocks at 3 and 6 months, along with a notable decrease in telomere length. However, no significant differences were observed in second and third-generation clocks. 

Building upon these findings, a subsequent investigation evaluated the combination of DQ with Fisetin (DQF), a well-known antioxidant and antiaging senolytic molecule. After one year, 19 participants (including 10 from the initial study) received DQF for 6 months, with DNAm assessed at baseline and 6 months. Remarkably, the addition of Fisetin to the treatment resulted in non-significant increases in epigenetic age acceleration, suggesting a potential mitigating effect of Fisetin on the impact of DQ on epigenetic aging. 

“Furthermore, our analyses unveiled notable differences in immune cell proportions between the DQ and DQF treatment groups, providing a biological basis for the divergent patterns observed in the evolution of epigenetic clocks. These findings warrant further research to validate and comprehensively understand the implications of these combined interventions.”

Read the full paper: DOI: https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.205581 

Corresponding Author: Varun B. Dwaraka

Corresponding Email: varun@trudiagnostic.com 

Keywords: senolytics, longitudinal studies, epigentic clocks, aging, immune system

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About Aging-US:

Aging publishes research papers in all fields of aging research including but not limited, aging from yeast to mammals, cellular senescence, age-related diseases such as cancer and Alzheimer’s diseases and their prevention and treatment, anti-aging strategies and drug development and especially the role of signal transduction pathways such as mTOR in aging and potential approaches to modulate these signaling pathways to extend lifespan. The journal aims to promote treatment of age-related diseases by slowing down aging, validation of anti-aging drugs by treating age-related diseases, prevention of cancer by inhibiting aging. Cancer and COVID-19 are age-related diseases.

Aging is indexed by PubMed/Medline (abbreviated as “Aging (Albany NY)”), PubMed CentralWeb of Science: Science Citation Index Expanded (abbreviated as “Aging‐US” and listed in the Cell Biology and Geriatrics & Gerontology categories), Scopus (abbreviated as “Aging” and listed in the Cell Biology and Aging categories), Biological Abstracts, BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, META (Chan Zuckerberg Initiative) (2018-2022), and Dimensions (Digital Science).

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