GV1001 Reduces Neurodegeneration and Prolongs Lifespan in Mouse Model of Alzheimer’s Disease


“[...] accelerated aging and Alzheimer’s disease are closely related, and this study confirmed that GV1001 has multiple anti-aging effects.”

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BUFFALO, NY- February 15, 2024 – A new research paper was published on the cover of Aging (listed by MEDLINE/PubMed as "Aging (Albany NY)" and "Aging-US" by Web of Science) Volume 16, Issue 3, entitled, “GV1001 reduces neurodegeneration and prolongs lifespan in 3xTg-AD mouse model through anti-aging effects.”

GV1001, which mimics the activity of human telomerase reverse transcriptase, protects neural cells from amyloid beta (Aβ) toxicity and other stressors through extra-telomeric function, as noted in our prior in vitro studies. As per a recent phase II clinical trial, it improves cognitive function in patients with moderate to severe dementia. However, the underlying protective mechanisms remain unclear. 

In this new study, researchers Hyun-Hee Park, Hyuk Sung Kwon, Kyu-Yong Lee, Ye Eun Kim, Jeong-Woo Son, Na-Young Choi, Myung-Hoon Han, Dong Woo Park, Sangjae Kim, and Seong-Ho Koh from Hanyang University Guri Hospital, Hanyang University Graduate School of Biomedical Science and Engineering and Teloid Inc. aimed to investigate the effects of GV1001 on neurodegeneration, senescence, and survival in triple transgenic Alzheimer’s disease (AD) (3xTg-AD) mice. 

“ [...] we hypothesised that GV1001 might have anti-aging effects and improve neurodegeneration and senescence in vivo as a possible mechanism for its beneficial effects on AD.”

GV1001 (1 mg/kg) was subcutaneously injected into old 3xTg-AD mice thrice a week until the endpoint for sacrifice, and survival was analysed. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and Prussian blue staining (PBS) were performed to evaluate entry of GV1001 entrance into the brain. Diverse molecular studies were performed to investigate the effect of GV1001 on neurodegeneration and cellular senescence in AD model mice, with a particular focus on BACE, amyloid beta1-42 (Aβ1-42), phosphorylated tau, volume of dentate gyrus, β-galactosidase positive cells, telomere length, telomerase activity, and ageing-associated proteins. 

GV1001 crossed the blood-brain barrier, as confirmed by assessing the status of ferrocenecarboxylic acid-conjugated GV1001 using magnetic resonance imaging and PBS. GV1001 increased the survival of 3xTg-AD mice. It decreased BACE and Aβ1-42 levels, neurodegeneration (i.e., reduced CA1, CA3 and dentate gyrus volume, decreased levels of senescence-associated β-galactosidase positive cells, and increased telomere length and telomerase activity), and levels of ageing-associated proteins. 

“We suggest that GV1001 exerts anti-ageing effects in 3xTg-AD mice by reducing neurodegeneration and senescence, which contributes to improved survival.”

Read the full study: DOI: https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.205489 

Corresponding Authors: Sangjae Kim, Seong-Ho Koh - chiron@gemvax.com, ksh213@hanyang.ac.kr 

Keywords: 3xTg-AD mice, GV1001, neurodegeneration, anti-aging, Alzheimer’s disease

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About Aging-US:

Aging publishes research papers in all fields of aging research including but not limited, aging from yeast to mammals, cellular senescence, age-related diseases such as cancer and Alzheimer’s diseases and their prevention and treatment, anti-aging strategies and drug development and especially the role of signal transduction pathways such as mTOR in aging and potential approaches to modulate these signaling pathways to extend lifespan. The journal aims to promote treatment of age-related diseases by slowing down aging, validation of anti-aging drugs by treating age-related diseases, prevention of cancer by inhibiting aging. Cancer and COVID-19 are age-related diseases.

Aging is indexed by PubMed/Medline (abbreviated as “Aging (Albany NY)”), PubMed CentralWeb of Science: Science Citation Index Expanded (abbreviated as “Aging‐US” and listed in the Cell Biology and Geriatrics & Gerontology categories), Scopus (abbreviated as “Aging” and listed in the Cell Biology and Aging categories), Biological Abstracts, BIOSIS Previews, EMBASE, META (Chan Zuckerberg Initiative) (2018-2022), and Dimensions (Digital Science).

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