Press Release

Aging | RNA Modifications in Aging-Associated Cardiovascular Diseases

10-25-2022

“This review attempted to consolidate different aspects of RNA modifications that are crucial in regulating aging-associated CVDs.”

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BUFFALO, NY- October 26, 2022 – A new review paper was published in Aging (listed as "Aging (Albany NY)" by MEDLINE/PubMed and "Aging-US" by Web of Science) Volume 14, Issue 19, entitled, “RNA modifications in aging-associated cardiovascular diseases.”

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide that bears an enormous healthcare burden. Aging is a major contributing factor to CVDs. Functional gene expression network during aging is regulated by mRNAs transcriptionally and by non-coding RNAs epi-transcriptionally. RNA modifications alter the stability and function of both mRNAs and non-coding RNAs and are involved in differentiation, development and diseases. 

In this new review paper, researchers Xinyu Yang, Priyanka Gokulnath, H. Immo Lehmann, Zhitao Hou, Sun Yang, Liangzhen You, Guoxia Zhang, Yanwei Xing, Ji Lei, Guoping Li, Shuwen Guo, and Hongcai Shang from Fangshan Hospital and Dongzhimen Hospital (affiliated with Beijing University of Chinese Medicine), Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, and Chinese Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences reviewed major chemical RNA modifications on mRNAs and non-coding RNAs, including N6-adenosine methylation, N1-adenosine methylation, 5-methylcytidine, pseudouridylation, 2′ -O-ribose-methylation, and N7-methylguanosine, in the aging process with an emphasis on cardiovascular aging. They also summarize the currently available methods to detect RNA modifications and the bioinformatic tools to study RNA modifications.

“More importantly, we discussed the specific implication of the RNA modifications on mRNAs and non-coding RNAs in the pathogenesis of aging-associated CVDs, including atherosclerosis, hypertension, coronary heart diseases, congestive heart failure, atrial fibrillation, peripheral artery disease, venous insufficiency, and stroke.”

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.204311 

Corresponding Authors: Guoping Li; Shuwen Guo; Hongcai Shang - Corresponding Emails: gli21@mgh.harvard.edu; guo1163@163.com; shanghongcai@bucm.edu.cn 

Keywords: RNA modifications, aging, aging-related cardiovascular diseases, epitranscriptome

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About Aging-US

Launched in 2009, Aging-US publishes papers of general interest and biological significance in all fields of aging research and age-related diseases, including cancer—and now, with a special focus on COVID-19 vulnerability as an age-dependent syndrome. Topics in Aging-US go beyond traditional gerontology, including, but not limited to, cellular and molecular biology, human age-related diseases, pathology in model organisms, signal transduction pathways (e.g., p53, sirtuins, and PI-3K/AKT/mTOR, among others), and approaches to modulating these signaling pathways.

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