Research Paper Volume 11, Issue 16 pp 6440—6448
FOXP2 contributes to the cognitive impairment in chronic patients with schizophrenia
- 1 Department of Psychiatry, The First Clinical Medical College, Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, China
- 2 Qingdao Mental Health Center, Qingdao, China
- 3 Suzhou Psychiatric Hospital, The Affiliated Guangji Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, China
- 4 Research Center for Psychological and Health Sciences, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, China
- 5 Affiliated Wuhan Mental Health Center, Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China
- 6 Department of Neurology, Ren Ji Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China
- 7 Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX 77054, USA
Received: July 15, 2019 Accepted: August 10, 2019 Published: August 19, 2019https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.102198
How to Cite
Copyright © 2019 Lang et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) 3.0 License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The forkhead-box P2 (FOXP2), involving in language and memory function, has been identified as susceptibility to schizophrenia. However, no study examined the role of FOXP2 on cognitive impairment in schizophrenia. Total 1106 inpatients with schizophrenia and 404 controls were recruited and genotyped. Among them, 867 patients and 402 controls were assessed through the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS). SHEsis software was used to investigate the association of FOXP2 rs10447760 with schizophrenia, followed by logistic regression. The model of covariance (ANCOVA) and multivariate analysis were conducted to investigate the effect of FOXP2 rs10447760 on cognitive impairment in schizophrenia. No differences in the genotypic and allelic frequencies of the FOXP2 rs10447760 were found between patients and controls (both p> 0.05). Except for the visuospatial/constructional score (p > 0.05), other five RBANS scores were lower in patients compared to controls (all p < 0.0001). Interestingly, we found immediate memory score was lower in patients carrying genotype CT compared to genotype CC (F=5.19, p=0.02), adjusting for confounding data. Our study suggested that FOXP2 rs10447760 has no effect on the susceptibility to schizophrenia, while it may be associated with its cognitive impairment, especially immediate memory in chronic schizophrenia.