Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 3 pp 2123—2131
Bone morphogenetic protein 9, and its genetic variants contribute to susceptibility of idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension
- 1 Department of Anesthesiology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China
received: October 17, 2019 ; accepted: January 2, 2020 ; published: February 7, 2020 ;https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.102726
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Copyright © 2020 Guo et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Considering the predominant role of rare variants of the Bone morphogenetic protein 9 (BMP9) gene in the occurrence of idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH), here we conducted a case-control study, together with functional validation, to explore the relationships between variants of the BMP9 gene and development of IPAH. We found minor alleles of rs3740297 (OR: 0.72, 95% CI: 0.59-0.87, P=7.77×10-5) and rs7923671 (OR: 0.76, 95% CI: 0.62-0.93, P=0.009) were significantly associated with decreased risk of IPAH. Minor alleles of rs3740297 and rs7923671 were significantly associated with increased plasma level of BMP9 in both IPAH cases and controls (P<0.001). An allele of rs7923671 showed higher relative luciferase activity compared to that containing G allele (P<0.001). Mechanism exploration found that pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMC) cell line transfected with rs3740297 C allele construct, miR-149 mimic, and antagomir miR-149 showed more sensitive change of the relative luciferase activity and BMP9 expression. This means minor allele T of rs3740297 could significantly decrease susceptibility of IPAH in Chinese population, possibly by increasing BMP9 expression through losing a miR-149 binding site. Our study provides evidence for genetic associations between two specific variants in the BMP9 gene and plasma level of BMP9, occurrence of IPAH.