Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 6 pp 5140—5151

Association between serum angiopoietin-2 concentrations and periprocedural myocardial injury in patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention

Wen Jian 1, 2, 3, *, , Jia-Hui Guan 4, *, , Wen-Bo Zheng 1, 2, 3, , Chang-Hua Mo 1, 2, 3, , Yu-Tao Xu 1, 2, 3, , Qi-Li Huang 1, 2, 3, , Chun-Mei Wei 1, 2, 3, , Can Wang 1, 2, 3, , Zhi-Jie Yang 1, 2, 3, , Guo-Liang Yang 1, 2, 3, , Chun Gui 1, 2, 3, ,

  • 1 Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning 530021, Guangxi, People's Republic of China
  • 2 Guangxi Key Laboratory Base of Precision Medicine in Cardio-Cerebrovascular Diseases Control and Prevention, Nanning 530021, Guangxi, People's Republic of China
  • 3 Guangxi Clinical Research Center for Cardio-Cerebrovascular Diseases, Nanning 530021, Guangxi, People's Republic of China
  • 4 Department of Respiratory Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning 530021, Guangxi, People’s Republic of China
* Equal contribution

received: October 25, 2019 ; accepted: March 9, 2020 ; published: March 17, 2020 ;

https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.102936
How to Cite

Copyright © 2020 Jian et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) is a proangiogenic factor that mediates inflammation and atherosclerosis. We evaluated the predictive value of circulating Ang-2 levels for periprocedural myocardial injury (PMI) in 145 patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and investigated whether post-PCI Ang-2 levels are influenced by PMI. PMI was defined as a post-procedural troponin elevation above the 5×99th percentile upper reference limit. Blood samples for Ang-2 analysis were collected at admission and on postoperative days 1 and 3. PMI occurred in 40 patients (28%). At baseline, there was no difference in Ang-2 levels between PMI and non-PMI patients (P=0.554). However, a significant interaction effect between PMI occurrence and time on Ang-2 levels was observed (interaction P=0.036). Although serum Ang-2 levels in non-PMI patients gradually decreased, Ang-2 levels in PMI patients did not change between different time-points. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that age, total stent length, and serum levels of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide were independent PMI predictors. These findings indicate that pre-procedural Ang-2 levels do not impact PMI occurrence after elective PCI. However, changes in Ang-2 levels after the procedure are closely related to PMI.

Abbreviations

Ang-2: Angiopoietin-2; AMI: acute myocardial infarction; BMI: body mass index; CAD: coronary artery disease; CI: confidence interval; hsTnT: high-sensitivity troponin T; NT-proBNP: N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide; OR: odds ratio; PCI: percutaneous coronary intervention; PMI: periprocedural myocardial injury; ROC: receiver operating characteristic; SYNTAX: Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery; URL: upper reference limit.