Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 10 pp 9781—9792
LncRNA DSCAM-AS1 promotes colorectal cancer progression by acting as a molecular sponge of miR-384 to modulate AKT3 expression
- 1 Department of Gastrointestinal Colorectal and Anal Surgery, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun 130021, P.R. China
- 2 Department of Anesthesiology, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun 130021, P.R. China
Received: November 8, 2019 Accepted: April 4, 2020 Published: May 26, 2020https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.103243
How to Cite
Copyright © 2020 Li et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Down Syndrome Cell Adhesion Molecule antisense1 (DSCAM-AS1), a novel long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), reportedly contributes to the development and progression of several cancers. There is a lack of information on its biological role and regulatory mechanism with respect to colorectal cancer (CRC). Here, we discovered that the expression of DSCAM-AS1 exhibited a significant upregulation in CRC tissues and cell lines in comparison with the corresponding control. Increased DSCAM-AS1 expression was associated with poor prognosis for those diagnosed with CRC. Loss-of function assay illustrated that knockdown of DSCAM-AS1 resulted in significant inhibition of cell proliferation, invasion and migration in vitro, and impaired tumor growth in vivo. MicroRNA-384(miR-384) was directly targeted by DSCAM-AS1 in CRC cells, and repression of DSCAM-AS1 inhibited the expression of AKT3, a known target of miR-384 in CRC. In addition, repression of miR-384 or overexpression of AKT3 could partially rescue the inhibitory effect of DSCAM-AS1 knockdown on CRC progression. In summary, DSCAM-AS1 exerted an oncogenic role in CRC by functioning as a competing endogenous RNA of miR-384 to bring about regulation of AKT3 expression. These results implied that DSCAM-AS1 might be a novel therapeutic target for patients suffering from CRC.
ceRNA: competing endogenous RNA; CRC: colorectal cancer; DSCAM-AS1: Down Syndrome Cell Adhesion Molecule antisense1; LncRNAs: long noncoding RNAs; IgG: immunoglobulin G; qPCR: quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction; miRNA: microRNA.