As one of the 10 most common cancers in men, the incidence of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has been increasing in recent years. Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most common pathological type of RCC, counting for 80%-90% of cases. Immunotherapy is becoming increasingly important in the treatment of advanced RCC. Tumor mutation burden (TMB) is a potent marker for predicting the response to immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) treatment. Here, we analyzed somatic mutation data for ccRCC from The Cancer Genome Atlas datasets. We found that the frequently mutated gene SYNE1 is associated with higher TMBs and with a poor clinical prognosis. To further investigate the relationship between SYNE1 mutation and the immune system, we used Gene Set Enrichment Analysis and the CIBERSORT algorithm. They showed that SYNE1 mutations correlate with immune system pathways and immune cell tumor infiltration. We also found that SYNE1 mutation correlated with a better response to ICB therapy. Thus, mutation of SYNE1 correlates with a higher TMB and a poorer outcome in ccRCC, but may mediate better responses to ICB therapy.