Research Paper Volume 12, Issue 22 pp 23004—23016
Patrolling monocytes inhibit osteosarcoma metastasis to the lung
- 1 Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Liaoning Key Laboratory of Molecular Targeted Anti-Tumor Drug Development and Evaluation, Liaoning Cancer Immune Peptide Drug Engineering Technology Research Center, Key Laboratory of Precision Diagnosis and Treatment of Gastrointestinal Tumors, Ministry of Education, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, China
- 2 Department of Orthopedics, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, China
Received: April 14, 2020 Accepted: August 17, 2020 Published: November 16, 2020https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.104041
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2020 Chen and Zhao. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Immune infiltration is associated with osteosarcoma metastasis. However, previous studies have not accounted for the functional diversity of the cells involved in the immune response. We conducted a comprehensive comparative analysis of the tumor-infiltrating immune cells in metastatic and non-metastatic osteosarcoma tissues based on a deconvolution algorithm (CIBERSORT). Twenty-two immune cell subsets were evaluated for their association with the presence or absence of metastasis in osteosarcoma patients. A lack of monocytes was associated with osteosarcoma metastasis; however, the levels of M1 macrophages, M2 macrophages and other immune cell subsets did not differ between the metastatic and non-metastatic groups. Additionally, a higher proportion of monocytes was associated with a better prognosis in osteosarcoma patients. Animal experiments demonstrated that the number of metastatic nodules was higher in mice lacking patrolling monocytes than in control mice. Our data indicated that the cellular composition of the immune infiltrate may subtly differ among osteosarcoma patients, and that patrolling monocytes inhibit osteosarcoma metastasis to the lungs of mice. Thus, the composition of the immune infiltrate and the level of patrolling monocytes may be important determinants of whether metastasis occurs in osteosarcoma patients.