Abstract

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is an age-related metabolic disease that is of increasing concern. Gut microbiota might have a critical role in the pathogenesis of T2DM. Additionally, Hippo signaling has been associated strongly with the progression of T2DM and the aging process. We adopted db/db male mice as a T2DM model, and the gut microbiota of db/db and m/m mice were transplanted successfully into pseudo germ-free mice. Furthermore, Hippo signaling, including mammalian sterile 20-like protein kinases 1 (MST1), large tumor suppressors 1 (LATS1), Yes-associated protein (YAP), and phosphorylation of YAP (p-YAP) in peripheral tissues were significantly altered and highly correlated with blood glucose in db/db mice. Interestingly, the host after gut microbiota transplantation from db/db mice showed decreased MST1 and LATS1 levels, and p-YAP/YAP ratio in the heart, liver, and kidney compared to those from m/m mice. Negative correlations between fasting blood glucose and Hippo signaling levels in selected peripheral tissues also were identified. These findings suggest that alterations in Hippo signaling in selected peripheral tissues may contribute to the development of T2DM, and that therapeutic interventions improving Hippo signaling by gut microbiota transplantation might be beneficial for the treatment of T2DM and other age-related metabolic diseases.