Research Paper Volume 13, Issue 15 pp 19272—19281
lncRNA ANRIL aggravates the chemoresistance of pancreatic cancer cells to gemcitabine by targeting inhibition of miR-181a and targeting HMGB1-induced autophagy
- 1 Department of Gastroenterology, Shanghai Ninth Peoples’ Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200011, China
- 2 Department of Pulmonary, Longhua Hospital, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 200032, China
Received: October 26, 2020 Accepted: May 24, 2021 Published: August 10, 2021https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.203251
How to Cite
Copyright: © 2021 Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Recent studies focus on long noncoding RNAs (lncRNA) as crucial regulators of cancer biology that contribute to essential cancer cell functions such as cell proliferation, apoptosis, and metastasis. In pancreatic cancer, several lncRNAs have been mentioned as important actors in tumorigenesis. However, the function of lncRNA ANRIL (named as ANRIL as follows) in pancreatic cancer has not been elucidated. In the present study, we show that ANRIL was up-regulated while miR-181a was down-regulated in pancreatic cancer tissues and HMGB1 was highly expressed. Knockdown of ANRIL in pancreatic cancer repressed cellular proliferation, invasion, migration, and reduced chemotherapy resistance to gemcitabine. ANRIL was negatively correlated with miR-181a, while overexpression of miR-181a could reverse the effect. For further mechanism research, we found that miR-181a aimed to HMGB1 which activated cell autophagy. Taken together, our results implicate that the ANRIL, by targeting miR-181a, activates the HMGB1-induced cell autophagy, which is thought to be critical for oncogenesis.