The minichromosome maintenance (MCM) gene family comprises of ten members with key roles in eukaryotic DNA replication and are associated with the occurrence and progression of many tumors. However, whether the MCM family contributes to lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) is unclear. In this study, we performed bioinformatic analysis to identify the roles of MCM genes in patients with LUSC. We also evaluated their differential gene expression, prognostic correlation, DNA methylation, functional enrichment of genetic alterations, and immunomodulation. According to the Tumor Immune Estimation Resource database, the expression of MCM2-10 mRNA was elevated in LUSC tissues. According to the Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis database, MCM2–8 and MCM10 were considerably upregulated in LUSC tissues, and protein levels of all MCMs were increased in LUSC tissues. In addition, among the MCM family members, the expression of MCM3 and MCM7 showed the strongest correlation with the prognoses of patients with LUSC. To clarify the role and mechanisms of the MCM family, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes and Gene Ontology enrichment studies were performed. We detected a significant correlation between the expression patterns of MCM family members and infiltrating immune cells. In conclusion, our results improve the understanding of the aberrant expression of MCM family members in LUSC. These findings demonstrate the potential of the MCM family as therapeutic targets and biomarkers for the diagnosis and prognosis of LUSC.