Research Paper Advance Articles pp 24270—24287

Metformin protects against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury and cell pyroptosis via AMPK/NLRP3 inflammasome pathway

Figure 3. Activation of AMPK with Metformin protected against myocardial I/R injury induced apoptosis. (A) Top representative TUNEL-stained (green fluorescence) and DAPI-stained (blue fluorescence) photomicrographs are shown (Magnification 200x, Scale bar = 50 μm). (B) Bar graph represents the quantification of apoptotic cells (green fluorescence)/the total number of nucleated cells (blue fluorescence, n = 6 per group). (C) Apoptosis-related proteins in the ischemic area, including Bax, Bcl2 and GAPDH were examined by Western blot analysis. (D) Quantitative analysis of Bax, Bcl2 and calculate the ratio of Bax/Bcl2 (n = 4 per group). (E) AMPK pathway-related proteins in the ischemic area, including p-AMPK, AMPK, p-ACC, ACC and GAPDH were examined by Western blot analysis. (F) Quantitative analysis of p-AMPK, AMPK, p-ACC, ACC expression and calculate the ratio of p-AMPK/AMPK and p-ACC/ACC (n = 4 per group). Values are expressed as the mean ± SEM. * P < 0.05 vs. Sham. # P < 0.05 vs. I/R. & P < 0.05 vs. MET.